Recent Biotechnology Innovations And Issues With Patenting Biotechnology Products
Biotechnology is a recent technological advancement which is used in various industries like construction, healthcare, agriculture, etc. It is nothing but a technology which is based on biology to make the world a better place to live in. The micro-organisms are responsible for the biological process, which is useful for creating natural products used for various applications. You must understand about biotechnology and its applications. There are various innovations in the field of biotechnology that requires patent registration. Here you can know about the different types of biotechnology in various industries. The complexities in patent registration of biotechnological innovations are also explained below. Know More about the Patenting of Biological Material and Biotechnology.
Types Of Biotechnology
There are various types of biotechnology which are used for various purposes. The recent development in the field of technology has made it possible to improve the living of people.
The following are some of the types of Biotechnology that are currently in use.
Medical Biotechnology: This is a type of biotechnology which makes use of living materials for improving the health of human beings. There are various innovations using biotechnology components and materials used for treating and preventing diseases.
Pharmaceutical drugs are manufactured with the help of biotechnology-based technology. Biotechnology is a technology which is used in the study of DNA and its properties. Some of the examples of medical biotechnology are vaccines, antibiotics, etc. that are mainly used to fight against various diseases.
Agricultural Biotechnology: Biotechnological inventions are used for modifying the plant genetically so that the yield can be increased. It is also possible to grow plants that are pest-resistant with the help of biotechnology. Several types of research have been conducted in altering the genes of plants and making it durable by increasing its lifetime. Some of the examples of agricultural biotechnology are pest-resistant crops, animal breeding, etc.
Applications Of Biotechnology
There are several types of research being undertaken in the field in biotechnology. Based on
the research, this technology is used in various applications. Some of the applications of biotechnology are listed below.
Nutrition Supplements: It is possible to infuse the required nutrition in the normal food that people intake daily. Thus it is possible to manage the deficiency of certain nutrients. There are rice varieties that are infused with nutrients like beta-carotene, Vitamin A so that it is easy for the human body to absorb it quickly.
Industrial Biotechnology: Biotechnology is being used in various industries like construction, agriculture, food, etc. It is possible to manufacture the latest construction materials with the use of biotechnology innovations. Cosmetic products, food products, beer, wine, soaps, washing powder, etc. are manufactured using various biological elements.
Biofuels: One of the essential applications of biotechnology is energy production. There is a scarcity in the availability of renewable energy resources. Thus there is a need to make use of alternative energy resources which are eco-friendly. Corn is a bio-based product which is used in the production of combustible fuel. The added advantages of these biofuels are that they do not emit harmful gases.
Healthcare: Healthcare industry is the widespread application of biotechnology with various technological advancements. Biotechnology is used in the manufacture of medicines and drugs for treating various diseases.
Complexities Of Patent Registration
Today there are several patented biotechnology products in use. Pasteurization a yeast making method as made it possible for orange juice companies to make use of this patented biotechnology invention. Indeed, several sophisticated facilities like medicines, beverages, surgical procedures, etc. are based on biotechnological research. It is not possible to use these inventions without a proper patent. Thus it is essential to apply for patents for biotechnology innovations and inventions. Some of the popular patented biotechnology-based products are insulin, anti-cancer drugs, autoimmune drugs, etc.
It is, of course, true that the patenting of biotechnology-related product is complex. There are specific eligibility criteria to be satisfied when an inventor comes up with a biotechnology-based invention. There are five elements that an invention should possess so that it qualifies for a patent. The patentability elements are subject matter, novelty, utility, non-obvious, and undisclosed.
The invention to be patented must be unique, applicable in various industries. There are several controversies reported on the patentability of biotechnology-based inventions. People argue that particular biological invention is a natural process and can be considered as only discoveries and not eligible for a patent. Some people accept the inventions to be human-made and support for patent registration.
The above is the importance of biotechnology products and the complexities in applying for patents for the same.